Viscosupplementation is a simple treatment frequently recommended for conditions such as arthritis and consists of an injection into the affected joint.
The injection itself usually consists of a substance called hyaluronic acid (which lubricates the joint) and a steroid (to aid pain relief). The injections must be image guided to ensure that the correct area of the joint is injected and this may be done by either ultrasound or x-ray imaging.
These procedures may be carried out in clinic or as a day case procedure and patients will be able to walk out afterwards. Physical therapy will then usually be recommended to help the patient rehabilitate and strengthen the muscles around the joint.
Risks associated with viscosupplementation are minimal and depending on what substance is being injected many patients only require a one-off injection and usually see very good levels of pain relief from this.